Diabetes mellitus is a disorder that can affect almost every part of your body.
The ability of your cells to take up glucose and transport it to the other parts of the body reduces. The glucose levels fall drastically in this condition. In severe conditions, the affected people can experience polyphagia and polydipsia.
What Are The Different Types Of Diabetes Mellitus?
Diabetes mellitus is categorized into several types. They are mentioned below:
Type 1 diabetes mellitus: It is an autoimmune form of diabetes mellitus. When your body starts attacking the cells made on its own it is known as autoimmune disease. Type 1 diabetes includes the damage to the insulin-producing cells known as islets of Langerhans by autoimmunity. It is also known as juvenile diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus: It involves the failure of the body to respond to insulin. In this condition, your body will not respond to the insulin and may fail to perform the necessary functions. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is one of the most common forms of diabetes mellitus. Up to 95 percent of people experience this type and it is also known as adult-onset diabetes mellitus.
Prediabetes: It usually acts as an alarm for diabetes. This condition occurs before diabetes and is known as prediabetes. Your blood glucose levels will be abnormally high but the diagnostic tests will not provide evidence for type 2 diabetes.
Gestational diabetes: It is experienced by women during pregnancy. Only some women experience gestational diabetes and blood glucose levels are usually normal after the baby is born.
What Are The Symptoms Of Diabetes?
Diabetes has a wide variety of symptoms. They can vary from person to person. Some of the most common symptoms are mentioned below:
- Dry mouth
- The body is prone to infections due to weakened immunity.
- Excessive urination
- Weight loss
- Slow healing process
- Tingling or numbness in hands and feet
- Blurred vision
- Weak and tired feeling
- Increase in thirst
Different Complications Of Diabetes?
The complications of diabetes depend upon their type and the organ they are affecting. Some of the most common complications are mentioned below:
- Liver diseases: Liver diseases such as fatty liver and in severe cases carcinoma of the liver can occur due to the complications of diabetes.
- Cardiovascular diabetes: Various heart problems such as high blood pressure, atherosclerosis, high cholesterol, heart attack and coronary artery diseases are common heart problems that can occur due to complications.
- Neuropathy can occur causing numbness and tingling in the toes. It is one of the most common complications of diabetes mellitus.
- Kidney damage: Several kidney-related problems such as kidney failure and carcinoma can occur. In severe cases, a kidney transplant is also recommended.
- Retinopathy: Complications of diabetes mellitus can affect the vision drastically. People can experience blurred eye vision, optic nerve damage, etc. if they are suffering from diabetes mellitus.
- Gangrene: Diabetes mellitus affects the capacity of the body to heal sores and cuts. Hence the chances of gangrene and bed sores increases.
- Skin infections: Infections of the skin are most common due to type 2 diabetes mellitus.
- Depression: Your medical conditions can affect your mental health. Hence if proper care is not taken type 2 diabetes mellitus can cause depression.
- Hearing loss
- Erectile dysfunction
- Dental problems
How To Reduce The Risk Of Liver Diseases With Type 2 Diabetes?
The complications of diabetes mellitus can be severe if proper care is not taken. You can follow the below-mentioned tips to reduce the risk of liver disease:
- Maintain a healthy weight:
A properly balanced diet including all the essential nutrients is required for maintaining a healthy weight. Excessive weight and obesity can contribute to NAFLD. Additionally the chances of acquiring the carcinoma of the liver increases.
- You can start by maintaining healthy blood sugar levels.
- If you want to protect yourself from severe complications then you must maintain healthy blood sugar levels. You can follow the below-mentioned tips:
- Exercise regularly
- Avoid overeating
- Calculate your daily calorie count
- Include high amounts of roughage in your diet
- Reduce high blood pressure levels.
- A well-balanced diet and regular exercise can reduce high blood pressure levels. Additionally, you can follow the tips mentioned below to reduce the high blood pressure levels:
- Avoid the excessive consumption of caffeine
- Quit smoking
- Avoid the usage of excessive sodium in your diet.
- Limit the intake of alcohol.