Cholesterol is a type of blood fat known as lipids, which moves throughout your body in your blood. Cholesterol is needed for the body to function. The liver produces most of the cholesterol needed for your body to function.
This cholesterol is called Good Cholesterol (HDL). food items like meat, fish, milk products, nuts, edible oils, etc are rich natural sources of cholesterol.
However, if consumed in inappropriate large amounts, these food items can produce bad cholesterol (LDL), which accumulates inside your arteries and can be fatal.
Healthy Cholesterol Levels In Adults
Some amount of cholesterol is usually good for the body. Your body needs some amount of cholesterol to function properly. But too much cholesterol in the body can be quite troublesome.
Bad cholesterol (LDL) accumulated inside your arteries restricts the blood flow back to the heart, this can be fatal to your heart, as the heart can have irreversible damages and even your heart can die within a few minutes without proper blood flow.
Cholesterol levels are measured by a test called the lipoprotein panel test. You need to enter into an intermittent fasting mode before you carry out a lipoprotein panel test i.e. you need to avoid all kinds of food and water for at least eight hours. Then only you get accurate results about your body’s cholesterol levels. The information the lipoprotein panel test provides you with are the following.
Total Amount of Cholesterol
This gives you complete information regarding the total cholesterol count inside your body. This includes the levels of bad cholesterol (LDL) and good cholesterol (HDL) respectively.
Bad Cholesterol (LDL)
Bad Cholesterol (LDL) results in the blockage of arteries and blood vessels. Thus LDL cholesterol is considered to be life-threatening. You should keep a constant eye on your LDL cholesterol levels.
Good Cholesterol (HDL)
Good Cholesterol (HDL) is highly beneficial for your body. It may remove accumulated cholesterol from your artery that can be life-threatening.
This type of fat is found mostly in women. This type of cholesterol can elevate the rate of getting heart-related diseases. Thus triglycerides are potentially life-threatening in a long-term scenario.
Non HDL cholesterol is your total amount of cholesterol without including your good cholesterol (HDL).
Frequency of carrying out cholesterol tests.
Children and young adults are supposed to carry out cholesterol tests every five years. Elderly people should have a look at their cholesterol levels at a regular interval of two years.
Factors Contributing To Cholesterol Build-Up.
- Your diet is the most important factor as far as cholesterol is concerned. You should develop a healthy food habit and should avoid all sorts of junk foods.
Having too much meat, especially red meat will be a terrible idea if you are concerned about your cholesterol levels. Dairy products such as milk, butter, cheese, ghee, curd, etc should be limited to a minimum.
Adding a lot of fruit and vegetables into your diet will help you to control your cholesterol levels, as they are rich in fibers.
- Lack of exercise. Doing light to moderate exercise for one hour daily is a wise idea. Regular exercise keeps all sorts of lifestyle diseases, including cholesterol, at bay.
- Obesity. Excessive body weight is a hub of all lifestyle-related diseases. Keeping control of your body weight is highly recommended. Excess body weight can contribute to developing cholesterol and thereby developing all sorts of life-threatening heart conditions.
- Smoking. Too much nicotine intake may lead you towards developing cholesterol. Always keep in mind that, smoking won’t benefit your health in any way, at the same time it will deteriorate your health in plenty of other ways.
- Genetics. Sometimes, genetics too plays a crucial; role in developing lifestyle diseases including cholesterol. If you have a family history of such lifestyle diseases, then the chances of you developing those diseases are considerably high.
Managing Cholesterol Levels.
- Eat healthily.
- Exercise regularly.
- Keep your cholesterol levels regularly checked.
- Stop the usage of nicotine, tobacco, and alcohol.
- Maintain a healthy body weight as per your height to weight ratio.
- Involve in any sort of stress-relieving activities like yoga, meditation, or mindfulness.
- Develop a healthy sleeping pattern.