Blood sugar is also known as diabetes is a lifestyle condition that manifests high blood sugar levels in the bloodstream. Your body produces blood sugar (glycogen) from the food you have, and this glucose is broken down to generate energy that is needed to function your body. This procedure takes place with the help of a biochemical called insulin. When your body stops producing insulin or the insulin produced is not adequate, the blood sugar often accumulates inside the bloodstream resulting in diabetes.
Health Risks From Diabetes
Diabetes can manifest all kinds of impairments to your body. Starting from weight loss to vision loss, diabetes can have all sorts of life-threatening health conditions. Diabetes can completely derail the momentum in your life.
Eye vision impairment is one of the serious health risks diabetes will bring to you. Extreme thirst, extreme hunger, extreme tiredness, wounds that never heal, frequent urination, unintentional weight loss, weakness in muscles, muscle and joint pain, etc often accompany other pre-existing symptoms of diabetes.
However, with proper medical intervention, the quality of your life can be brought back to normal.
Types Of Diabetes
- Type 1 Diabetes
Type one diabetes is an unfortunate condition that is found mostly in children and young adults. In older days, Type 1 Diabetes was a rare condition, but in this contemporary era, it has become a relatively common lifestyle condition. Type 1 Diabetes often occurs due to a rare auto-immune condition where the body attacks its own healthy cells.
- Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes found. Almost 95% of the total diabetic patient in the world suffers from Type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes commonly occurs in adults and elderly people. The root cause of Type 2 Diabetes is the lack of insulin production in your bloodstream thus resulting in blood sugar to get accumulated without being converted into the energy needed to function the body.
- Gestational Diabetes
Gestational Diabetes is a kind of diabetes variant that is found in pregnant women. Usually, this condition is resolved after the delivery. But in some rare cases, this condition won’t resolve. When a mother has Gestational Diabetes, the children born are often at a higher risk of developing some disorders. Even if this condition is cured after the delivery, women who have a history of gestational diabetes are at a higher risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes in the future.
Now, we can discuss the most concerning problem that diabetes can manifest, yes, eye vision problems. There are quite a few eye problems diabetes can cause. They are the following described down below.
Diabetes Related Eye Problems
- Blurry Vision
High blood sugar levels can increase the fluid build-up inside your retina, which can cause blurry vision. This condition is often temporary and will settle down once the blood sugar levels come back to normal.
Cataracts are cloudy, dirt-like layers that overlap the frontal portion of your eyes, often resulting in blurred vision and even complete vision loss. Your eye lenses won’t be able to focus when you have cataracts. With a minor surgical procedure, your eye surgeon can remove the cloudy layer inside your eyes.
People with diabetes will often develop a condition called glaucoma, where the fluid build-up inside increases and pressurizes the retina to an extent where the blood vessels inside the retina are ruptured and damaged permanently.
- Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetic Retinopathy is the most critical condition diabetes can manifest into the eyes. People with Type 2 Diabetes are often diagnosed with Diabetic Retinopathy. People with Type 1 Diabetic conditions rarely develop Diabetic Retinopathy. Diabetic Retinopathy is a matter of concern, as it can even cause blindness to the victim. High levels of blood sugar will pressurize the blood vessels and nerves in the retina that can damage the nerves and blood vessels. This will often result in Diabetic Retinopathy.
- Proliferative Retinopathy
When the cells inside your retina don’t get enough oxygen, it starts dying often resulting in the retina moving away and detaching from the eye, causing vision loss. To overcome this condition, the body promotes additional blood vessels growth, which results in scarring and vision loss. This condition cannot be cured completely. However, with surgery, the vision can be brought back to a certain extent.
You get the precise vision for driving, reading, shooting, etc with the help of a macula. The macula is the part of the vision that gives you the best precise and clear vision. Damage to the macula often results in irreversible blurred vision.
Diabetes is often an exhausting condition not only to your body but also to your mind. Physical manifestations of diabetes are plenty and eye-related problems are the most concerning among them. The eyes are the most delicate organs in your body and you cannot take a chance as far as your eyes are concerned. Diabetes can manifest a lot of troublesome problems to your eyes.
But with proper medical intervention, most of those diseases can be kept at the bay. If you think you are suffering from diabetic-related eye problems, then it is very important to talk with your family physician. Your family physician then refers you to an eye specialist, if needed. With proper treatment plans and follow-ups, you can keep your eyes safe and healthy.