A smile is more than just an expression, but only when you have a healthy set of teeth and gums. Improper care of the mouth leads to oral diseases that might steal the show.
Treatments & Remedies For Gum Diseases
Periodontal disease or gum disease as often called is a condition where bacteria takes shelter in the mouth and slowly ends in affecting the teeth. If not attended timely, it can lead to tooth loss.
But the good news is that at-home remediation is possible.
Periodontitis And Gingivitis
The onset of periodontitis is usually through gingivitis, which is an inflammation of the gums. Although all gingivitis cases do not lead to periodontitis, it might proceed to that if ignored initially. Most people suffer from gingivitis at some point in time. But with mild symptoms, the condition mostly remains unchecked.
Initially, the bacteria in the plaque affect the gum causing inflammation and bleeding from the tooth during brushing. At this stage, the tooth or other tissues remain unaffected. However, when properly taken care of the mouth is neglected, plaque starts building up around the teeth initiating tooth decay. This plaque gradually hardens to form tartar that is difficult to remove from teeth and gums, slowly causing irritation and inflammation of the gums.
When gingivitis leads to periodontitis, the inner layers of the gum and bone are pulled back, forming pockets above the teeth. Food debris starts collecting in these spaces causing gum infection. Toxins released from the bacteria and the enzymes produced by the immune systems fighting against the infections, make the tissues and bone around the teeth to decay. With the progress of the disease, the spaces deepen and the tooth loses its grip and falls out.
Home Remedies To Treat Gum Diseases
Any kind of treatment of oral problems can start at home with proper care of the mouth. Gingivitis can be reversed and gum diseases prevented if proper cleaning techniques are applied.
Brushing Twice A Day
It is mandatory to brush twice daily with fluoride-containing toothpaste. A soft-bristled brush should be used which requires replacement after every 3 months. Proper brushing helps to clean the food remnants in between teeth and thus prevents the bacteria from growing. An electric brush can also help.
We often skip on this step thinking it to be unnecessary. But, what should be kept in mind is that flossing is as important as brushing. It removes the plaque and food particles between the teeth and also under the gum line where our toothbrushes are unable to reach. One can also rely on interdental cleansers, picks or small brushes for complete cleaning.
Rinsing with antibacterial mouthwashes can prevent gingivitis by fighting bacteria and plaque. Using saltwater as a mouthwash is also an option. Essential oils like tea tree and lemongrass is also used.
This age-old technique is often used to reduce bacteria in the mouth and improve overall oral health. The mouth is usually swished with coconut or Arimedadi oils that help to improve the conditions of gingivitis.
Professional Dental Clean-Ups
Dental clean-ups are necessary to remove plaque buildup in the mouth. This cleaning is recommended at least twice a year.
Change In Lifestyle
Certain lifestyle changes can also affect our gum and teeth. Abstaining from smoking and following a healthy balanced diet devoid of too much sugar and starches can help.
Despite of following a healthy oral hygiene routine and diet, one can still fall prey to gum diseases because of genes. Genetic predisposition makes it six times more likely, for any individual, to get any form of gum disease. So, it is always better to reach out to a dentist or periodontist in case of any gum problem with history. But, for the rest of the population, keep brushing and flossing every day and stay gum healthy.